The giant sea bass, a member of the Serranidae family, is not only a formidable ﬁsh in size, it is also renowned for its lengthy life span.
IdentificationThe body of the giant sea bass is elongate and has dorsal spines that ﬁt into a groove on the back. Greenish-brown or black, the giant sea bass has black or transparent fins, with the exception of the ventral fins, which appear lighter because of a white membrane between the black spines. There is usually a white patch on the throat and underneath the tail, and the membranes between the rays are also light.
Young ﬁsh are mottled with prominent dark spots and a few pale-yellow blotches on mostly brick-red bodies; these markings are periodically seen on ﬁsh up to and exceeding 25 pounds. The ﬁrst dorsal ﬁn is separated from the second by a single notch; the ﬁrst is extremely low and has 11 spines, whereas the second is higher and has 10 soft rays.