A member of the Polyprionidae family and related to the giant sea bass, the wreckfish is a very deep-dwelling and large-growing species occasionally caught by heavy-tackle anglers probing extreme depths.
It is marketed fresh or frozen, sometimes as a sea bass or a stone bass, although it is susceptible to overfishing and is regulated in U.S. federal waters.
Other Namesbass, stone bass, wreck bass, hapuku; Afrikaans: wrakvis; Danish: vragfisk; Dutch: wrakbaars; Finnish: hylkyahven; French: chernier commun, mérot gris; Greek: vláchos; Icelandic: rekaldsfiskur; Italian: cherna di fondale; Norwegian and Swedish: vrakfisk; Portuguese: cherne; Spanish: cherna; Turkish: iskorpit hanisi.
IdentificationThe wreckfish has a deep, strongly compressed body and a very bumpy head, with a ridge and bony protuberances above each eye. Adult fish are uniformly dark brown or bluish-gray, and the young are mottled.
|Wreckfish (Polyprion americanus)|
The second dorsal, as well as the caudal and the anal fins, are often edged in black, although the rounded caudalfin is otherwise edged in white, as are the pectoral fins. The spinous and soft parts of the dorsal fins are notched, and the lower jaw projects past the upper jaw.