The coney is a member of the Serranidae family of grouper.
IdentificationBecause the coney experiences numerous color phases, it is inadvisable to try to identify this ﬁsh by color. These phases range from the common phase, in which the fish is reddish brown; to a bicolor period, in which the upper body is dark and the lower body is pale; to a bright yellow phase. The body is covered with small blue to pale spots, although the spots are uncommon in the bright-yellow phase. There are often two black spots present at the tip of the jaw and two more at the base of the tail, as well as a margin of white around the tail and the soft dorsal ﬁn. The tail is rounded, and there are nine spines in the dorsal ﬁn.
SizeThe coney weighs about a pound, although occasionally it can weigh as much as 3 pounds. The average length is 6 to 10 inches, and the maximum length is 16 inches.
Life history/BehaviorAs with many grouper, coney females transform into males, usually when they reach 20 centimeters in length. They are gregarious fish, and the males are territorial.
FoodConey feed mainly on small fish and crustaceans.
Other NamesFrench: coné ouatalibi; Spanish: canario, cherna cabrilla, corruncha, guativere.