Ladyfish are members of the small Elopidae family. They occur worldwide and are related to tarpon (see). They are similar in appearance to tarpon, although far smaller. Ladyfish are excellent light-tackle sportfish, commonly found in schools prowling shallow nearshore and brackish waters.
There are at least six species of ladyfish in the genus Elops, all of which are similar in average size, behavior, and characteristics. In the western Atlantic, the ladyfish (E. saurus) ranges from Cape Cod and Bermuda to the northern Gulf of Mexico and southern Brazil, although it is most common in Florida and the Caribbean. It is also known as tenpounder, as ubarana in Portuguese, and as malacho in Spanish.
In the eastern Pacific, the Pacific ladyfish (E. affinis) occurs from Southern California to Peru, although it is rare in northern Baja California. It is also known as machete, and as chiro and malacho del Pacifico in Spanish.